Dogs: Top Ten Toxins of 2013

Table of Contents

1.  Chocolate – Dark equals dangerous!

2..  Xylitol – This sweetener found in sugarless chewing gum and candy, medications and nasal sprays causes a rapid drop in blood pressure and liver failure in dogs.

3.  NSAIDs – Ibuprofen, naproxen, etc. found in products like Advil, Motrin, and Aleve.  Dogs don’t metabolize these drugs well; ingestions result in stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

4.  Over the counter cold, cough and allergy medication: Those that contain acetaminophen or decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine, are particularly toxic. 

5..  Rodenticides (mouse poisoning) – These may cause internal bleeding, or brain swelling even in small amounts.

6.  Grapes and raisins – These harmless human foods cause kidney damage in dogs.

7.  Insect bait stations – These rarely cause poisoning in dogs – the bigger risk is bowel obstruction when dogs swallow the plastic casing

8.  Prescription ADD/ADHD medications –  These amphetamines such as Adderall, Concerta, Dexedrine, and Vyvasen  can cause tremors, seizures, cardiac problems and death in pets.

9.  Glucosamine joint supplements – Overdose of tasty products such as Cosequin and Move Freely typically only cause diarrhea; however in rare cases, liver failure can develop.

10.  Silica gel packs and oxygen absorbors. – Silica gel packs, found in  new shoes, purses or backpacks, is rarely a concern.  The real threats are the iron-containing oxygen absorbers found in food packages like beef jerky or pet treats, which can cause iron poisoning.